Kim Philby trained James Jesus Angleton. (The Cambridge Spy Ring - The Education Forum)
Kim Philby was a spy, but for whom was he really working?
Harold "Kim" Philby (1912 – 1988) was born in India.
His father, Harry St. John Philby, was a British spy.
St John Philby, left, and family
In 1921, Harry St. John Philby 1921, became UK head of the Secret Service in the British Mandate of Palestine.
He was in favour of Jewish immigration into Palestine. He got to know the Rothschilds. (St John Philby - Wikipedia)
In the 1930s, Harry St John Philby worked for Standard Oil of California (Socal), helping it get control of oil in Saudi Arabia.
Harry St John Philby, aided by Allen Dulles, helped Saudi Arabia negotiate a deal to allow Saudi oil to reach Hitler's Germany. (St John Philby - Wikipedia )
Victor Rothschild joined MI5 during the Second World War. After the liberation of France, Rothschild worked with Dick White, Kim Philby and Malcolm Muggeridge at the MI6 offices established at the Rothschild family mansion in Paris. Edward Heath, in 1970, appointed him head of the government's Central Policy Review Staff. Later Margaret Thatcher appointed Rothschild as her unofficial security adviser.
While a student at Cambridge University, Kim Philby began his long friendship with Victor Rothschild.
Lord Victor Rothschild became an important memeber of the British security services, and reportedly gave away many secrets to Russia and Israel.
At Cambridge, Kim Philby also got to know Maurice Dobb 'a Communist sympathizer'. Dobb put Kim Philby in contact with the Communist underground in Vienna, Austria.
In Vienna, Kim Philby fell in love with Litzi Friedmann (née Alice Kohlmann), a Communist of Hungarian Jewish origins.
Kim Philby and Litzi Friedmann married 1934. Reportedly, Litzi recruited Kim Philby as a Soviet spy.
Kim Philby became a journalist and a member the Anglo-German Fellowship, which supported the Nazi Party in Germany.
In 1936, Litzi and Kim Philby split up. They divorced in 1946.
In 1937, Kim Philby traveled to Spain, reporting on the civil war for The Times, and apparently working for Soviet intelligence.
Kim Philby 'trumpeted' the victories of the fascists and was awarded the Red Cross of Military Merit by Franco in 1938.
John Philby (son of Kim), Kim Philby, George Blake, in Moscow. In 1948, when John Philby was five, Guy Burgess came to stay for a holiday at the Philbys sprawling villa in Turkey. "John's mother resented Burgess and his close relationship with her husband, and began staging accidents to claim attention; she once reported being mugged in her car, and on another occasion set fire to the living room, suffering serious burns. She was later sent to a Swiss clinic for treatment. Philby was posted to the United States the following year." Website for this image
While in Spain, Philby had an affair with Frances Doble, Lady Lindsay-Hogg, an actress and aristocratic divorcée who was an admirer of Francisco Franco and Adolf Hitler.
In 1940, Philby began living with Aileen Furse in London. Their first three children were Josephine, John, and Dudley Thomas.
In 1940, Walter Krivitsky, a Soviet spy who had defected to the West, was interviewed by MI5 officers in London.
Krivitsky claimed that a certain Soviet intelligence agent had worked as a journalist for a British newspaper during the civil war in Spain.
In 1940, Philby was working for MI6.
In 1944, Philby became head of MI6's Section Nine, which kept an eye on Communist activities.
Reportedly, James Jesus Angleton had his suspicions about Philby's loyalties.
In August 1945, Konstantin Volkov, a high-ranking Soviet spy in Istanbul, wanted to defect to Britain.
Volkov claimed to know the names of three Soviet agents inside Britain. Philby warned the Soviets about Volkov, who was sent back to Moscow.
In February 1947, Philby was appointed head of British intelligence for Turkey, and posted to Istanbul with his second wife, Aileen, and their family.
In 1949, Philby became chief of British intelligence in Washington.
He was responsible for liaising with the newly-formed CIA.
From September 1949, the British and American intelligence services had been developing a plan to topple the communist regime in Albania.
Albanian émigré guerrillas were trained by British and American forces, and from 1950 to 1952, these guerrilla forces were parachuted into Albania.
Thanks to Philby, the Albanian regime was able to capture and kill the guerrillas.
In October 1950, Guy Burgess, Philby's 'flamboyantly homosexual' Cambridge colleague and fellow Soviet spy came to work at the British Embassy in Washington.
Burgess took up residence in the Philby family home.
J. Edgar Hoover complained that Burgess used British Embassy cars to avoid arrest when he cruised Washington in pursuit of homosexual sex.
The morning after a certain party at Philby's house, a guest found "Kim and Guy in bed together drinking champagne."
In May 1951, Burgess, and his fellow Soviet spy Donald Maclean, fled to Moscow.
Philby returned to London to be quizzed by MI5.
In July 1951, Philby 'resigned' from MI6
In October 1955, Philby was officially cleared by Foreign Secretary Harold Macmillan, who told the House of Commons, "I have no reason to conclude that Mr. Philby has at any time betrayed the interests of his country."
In August 1956, Philby was sent to Beirut as a Middle East correspondent for The Observer and The Economist.
He was still working for MI6.
Philby began an affair with Eleanor, wife of New York Times correspondent Sam Pope Brewer.
Aileen Philby died in England in 1957.
Philby married Eleanor in 1959.
In 1961, the KGB's Anatoliy Golitsyn defected to the United States from his post in Helsinki.
Golitsyn produced evidence pointing to Philby being a Soviet agent.
In 1962, Nicholas Elliott, an MI6 officer, interviewed Philby in Beirut.
Philby confessed that he worked for the Soviets.
On 23 January 1963, Philby vanished from Beirut and eventually turned up in Moscow.
Reportedly, the KGB did not trust Philby.
Philby began an affair with Donald Maclean's wife, Melinda.
Philby divorced Eleanor.
In 1971, Philby married Rufina Ivanova Pukhova, a Russo-Polish woman twenty years his junior, with whom he lived until his death in 1988.
According to Rufina, in the late 1960s Philby attempted suicide by slashing his wrists.
And what of Philby's 'friend' Angleton?
Angleton, who was of the pro-Israel faction in the CIA. He was head of Counter Intelligence at the CIA from 1954 - 1975.
There is a theory that the key people in the CIA have always worked on friendly terms with the key people in the KGB and the key people in Mossad. (DO JEWS RUN THE SECURITY SERVICES?)
And Jewish folks are very influential in certain countries.
According to Haaretz, "Every appointee to the American government must endure a thorough background check by the American Jewish community." (American Jews eye Obama's 'anti-Israel' appointees - Haaretz ...)
James Jesus Angleton worked for the CIA.
He may also have worked for Mossad.
He may, or may not, have realised that Mossad worked with the KGB.
A Spotlight report, of 21 November 1977, claimed that Angleton conspired with Israel to attack the USS Liberty. (USS Liberty)
Reportedly, Angleton believed the sinking of the Liberty could be used as a "Pearl Harbour" type of incident to turn Americans against the Arabs.
(aangirfan: The US government tried to sink the USS Liberty)
It was Angleton who negotiated an agreement whereby Israel and America agreed not spy on each other. (Book Reviews: Every Spy a Prince)
(The agreement was nullified by Admiral Stansfield Turner, when he was Jimmy Carter's CIA director. But, Mossad contined to work closely with the CIA.)
"As the officer in charge of the Israeli 'account', he supported the Israeli atomic bomb programme." (James Jesus Angleton by Michael Holzman reviewed by Terence Hawkes TLS)
After Angleton died, a memorial to him was erected in Jerusalem.
James Jesus Angleton's father, according to a close friend, Max Corvo, was "ultra-conservative" and a fascist sympathizer. (James Angleton)
It was during World War II that James Jesus Angleton became a spy.
Reportedly Angleton helped set up Operation Gladio, which involved CIA militias carrying out acts of muderous terrorism in Italy.
"Angleton built on family and business connections in Italy to lay the basis of Gladio...
"He also helped notorious Nazi/fascist mass-murderers such as Junio Valerio 'Black Prince' Borghese elude justice at war's end." (Cached)
Philby, friend of the KGB and MOSSAD.
In 1943 Angleton was sent to London to be trained by MI5 officer Kim Philby, who turned out to be a friend of the KGB and Mossad. (James Angleton)
In 1951 Angleton was sent to Israel where he helped to set up Mossad.
According to the controversial Eustace Mullins (CHAPTER FIVE - The CIA - 3): "While CIA station chief in Rome, the CIA's Angleton "worked closely with the Zionist terrorists Teddy Kollek and Jacob Meridor, and later became chief of the Israeli desk at the CIA, helping Philby to set up the lavishly funded international Mossad espionage operation, all paid for by American taxpayers."
In 1951, the CIA was investigating Kim Philby, the top MI6 agent working in Washington.
The CIA director, Walter Bedell Smith, asked Angleton and William Harvey to write separate reports on Philby. (James Angleton)
Harvey concluded that Philby was a Soviet spy.
Angleton defended Philby.
Smith took the advice of Angleton.
Philby escaped to the Soviet Union in 1963.
Reportedly, Kim Philby was assisted in escaping to the Soviet Union by the Israeli Mossad (Sunday Telegraph, April 16, 1989) Cached.
(Lord Victor Rothschild was allegedly one of the other top Soviet spies in the UK ; Soviet spy Guy Burgess was close to Rothschild.)
In 1954 CIA boss Allen Dulles appointed Angleton as chief of the CIA's counter-intelligence section.
Angleton interviewed Anatoli Golitsin, a KGB agent who defected to the CIA.
Golitsin suggested that W. Averell Harriman had been a Soviet spy, while he was the U.S. Ambassador to the Russia during the Second World War. (James Angleton)
According to Eric Margolis, Angleton "became an active 'asset' or at least very close ally of Israel’s Mossad, and a champion of Israel’s cause in Washington." (FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT, by Eric Margolis)
Clare Edward Petty, of the CIA's Special Investigation Group (SIG), concluded that there was an "80-85 percent probability" that Angleton was a Soviet spy. (James Angleton)
In 1973, James Schlesinger temporarily became Director of the CIA.
Angleton gave Schlesinger a list of people that he thought were Soviet agents.
This list included Harold Wilson, the British prime minister, Olof Palme, the Swedish prime minister, Willy Brandt, chairman of the West German Social Democratic Party, Averell Harriman, the former U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union, Lester Pearson, the Canadian prime minister and Henry Kissinger, the National Security Adviser and Secretary of State under President Richard Nixon.
Schlesinger thought Angleton was suffering from paranoia.
In mid 1973, William Colby became the Director of the CIA.
Colby was not impressed with Angleton.
Colby said he could not find any evidence "that we ever caught a spy under Jim". (James Angleton)
So, are the key spooks often in league with each other?
The newspaper Scotland on Sunday reported, on 16/9/ 2001, that Osama bin Laden made his fortune in part by working with Jewish-Russian mafia operations in Qatar and Cyprus. (Mafias)
According to Wayne Madsen, "The Bin Laden drug network ... intersects with Geneva-based financial entities established by George H. W. Bush while he was CIA director and Vice President and President of the United States." - (aangirfan: Bush, Bin Laden, Drugs.... )
Reportedly, "Angleton had an alliance with ... the Mafia, dating from 1944 when he was an O.S.S. officer in Italy.
"'Operation Gladio' ... was based on Angleton's fascist-Mafia connections, and employed ... the Mafia to assassinate some who couldn't be bribed, e.g. Prime Minster Aldo Moro." (Cached)