Humala (Peru) and Lula (Brazil)
Peru's presidential election.
According to The Economist, 31 March 2011:
1. During the last ten years, Peru’s GDP has grown by over 5% a year.
The number of Peruvians living in poverty fell from 49% in 2004 to 35% in 2009.
Between 2005 and 2010 Peru climbed 24 places in the United Nations Human Development Report.
2. Peru has been helped by the rise in price of minerals.
Peru is the world's largest silver producer, second in copper and zinc and sixth in gold.
3. Peru is to have elections on 10 April 2011.
Alan García, the president since 2006, is to stand down.
His approval rating is 26%.
García poured money into roads rather than social programmes.
4. A fifth of Peruvians lack access to piped water.
Almost a fifth of children are malnourished.
5. Peru is the world’s biggest exporter of cocaine.
Peru's murder rate tripled between 2002 and 2008.
6. In the coming elections the front-runner is now Ollanta Humala.
Humala is a populist former army officer.
Humala appeals to the poor.
Humala has ties to Venezuela’s Chávez.
Humala's policies look like those of Brazil's Lula.
7. One of Humala's rivals is Ms Keiko Fujimori, whose father is serving a 25-year sentence for human-rights abuses.
8. Another candidate is Alejandro Toledo, accused by his critics of heavy drinking and cocaine use, which he denies.
9. Another candidate is Pedro Kuczynski a former IMF official and investment banker. He holds an American passport.
Certain people take a strong interest in Peru:
"Israeli-Russian-Ukrainian mafias are reportedly supplying weapons to insurgents, paramilitaries and drug traffickers in Colombia, Brazil and the Andean region.
"For example, Ukrainian mobsters operating from Tel Aviv and Kiev are believed to have participated in the shipment of 10,000 AK-47s to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in 1998 through former Peruvian spy chief Vladimir Montesinos."